Considered fragrance of worship by some cultures as plant linked to the spiritual cleansing by some beliefs, is consumed in certain rituals, such as the celebration of the Day of the Dead in Mexico, where it is known as Cempasúchil. It is also used as a symbol of the dawn.
Leonhart Fuchs, one of the fathers of the German botany, differentiated in his treatise De history stirpium (1542), various kinds of flowers, all of them Eurasians except 'the plant that gives the very elegant flowers called Indian carnations' in German Indianische negelen which was actually the Tagetes patula L., the so called Tagetes Indica in botany.
Bock, a German botanist, says of the Indic carnations, with better information than Fuchs, which were unknown in Germany until the reign of Charles V; precisely its relation to the date of the conquest of Tunisia (1535), around which specimens of Tagetes came to the emperor from Mexico led to the confusion that it was an African plant. The terminology and misconceptions about the origin of the first American species naturalized in Central Europe were widely disseminated to non-academic readers for a long time. The victorious campaign of Charles V in Tunisia against the Turks, is represented in one of the most spectacular series of tapestries of the Real Alcázar.